Rene Descartes, born in 1596, mathematician, Father of modern philosophy, if you have ever made a graph and used Cartesian coordinates, you are using a system that Descartes came up with. He used the Latinized form of his name which would have been Cartesius. His mother died when he was a year old, he was a sickly kid and was allowed to remain in bed for as long as he wanted, he was however a brilliant kid, he did most of his work in bed for the rest of his life, when he died his body was returned to France from the Swedish ruler Christina, Berzelius had possession of his head, but it was finally returned to Cuvier in France, In his discourse on method, he doubted everything, but the existence of doubt implied that there was something he was doubting, “cogito ergo sum” I think therefore I am. He died in 1650 at age 54.
Archibald Couper, born in 1831, chemist, he was a sick kid but wrote a paper on using dotted lines for bonds but it took two months, Kekules paper looked like it came in first. This stressed him so much it ended his career, but he lived 30 more years. He died in 1892 at age 61.
Sir William Bragg, born in 1890, physicist Infant prodigy, He developed the theory that sodium choride is not molecular that the atoms are equidistant from each other. He also developed the theory of ionic radii. Famous for his law of diffraction of X-rays, which led to the discovery of DNA, He lobbied for Crick, Watson and Wilkins to get the Nobel prize, He liked to lecture to young people on science, he died in 1971 at age 81.