Science Birthdays, April 25

4/25/1874       Guglimo Marconi,       physicist          invented the coherer which was a metal packed container that would receive a radio signal. He received a patent in 1900. He died in 1937 at age 63.

                        Developed Marconi’s law.

                        Ennobled as Marches in 1924.

                        Marchese is sort of like Marquess. It is a nobleman of hereditary rank.

                        Educated privately, he did not do well in school.

                        He developed an interest in science and electricity at an early age.

                        He read Nicola Tesla’s work.

                        He began to conduct experiments in his attic.

                        He wanted to create a wireless telegraph.

                        These experiments had been being conducted for 50 years,

                        Marconi didn’t come up with anything new, he improved on a number of components.

4/25/1900        Wolfgang Pauli           physicist          youthful prodigy, was writing articles on relativity as a teenager, impossibly clumsy with his hands.  Announced the exclusion principle in 1925 he suggested the fourth, spin quantum number. He died in 1958 at age 58.

                        He published a paper on Einstein’s theory of relativity two months after he graduated from high school.

                        He divorced in 1930 and had a serious breakdown. The psychologist Carl Jung interpreted his dreams which led to his theories of synchronicity.

                        He was always interested in the number 137 because of the fine structure constant 1/137, a dimensionless fundamental constant. When he fell ill from pancreatic cancer he asked an assistant if he saw the room number, it was 137. He died in that room at the age of 58.

                        He was a perfectionist as a physicist.

                        The Pauli effect was a bizarre effect of his ability to break scientific equipment by being in the vicinity.

                        He was very arrogant when a colleague remarked on his papers that he liked the Pauli’s paper more than he liked him, Pauli said, “that’s strange, with me, regarding you, it’s just the opposite.”

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