Today is the birthday of Friedrich Wohler, born in 1800, he is often considered the founder of organic chemistry, because of the synthesis of urea in 1828 from inorganic compounds, called the Wohler synthesis, it disproved and undermined the Vital Force Theory which was believed for centuries, he died in 1882 at age 82
Today is also the birthday of John Canton, born in 1718, he verified Ben Franklin’s kite experiment and made important discoveries with electricity and artificial magnets.
Richard Oldham, born in 1858, discovered that the earth had a core, he also was the first to describe the existence of p-waves, s-waves and surface waves.
Paul Boyer, born in 1918, described the enzymatic reaction mechanism involved in the biosynthesis of adenosine triphosphate, better known as ATP.
Primo Livi, born in 1919, he was an Italian/Jewish chemist who wrote the book, The Periodic Table, The Royal Institute of Great Britain named it the best science book ever written.
7/30/1641 Regnier de Graaf, anatomist, made important contributions to understanding the male reproductive system, he invented the syringe. he died in 1673 at the age of 32
7/30/1863 Henry Ford, industrialist, with his belief in making cheap consumer goods with high wages for workers he became one of the richest men in the world. He introduced the assembly line to produce the Model T Ford, he died in 1947 at age 83
7/30/1889 Vladimir Zworykin, physicist He played a role in the practical development of television from the early thirties, including charge storage-type tubes, infrared image tubes and the electron microscope, he died in 1982 at 92 years of age.
Today is the birthday of Isidor Rabi, born in 1898, he discovered nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy or NMR. He died in 1988 at age 89.
Today is also the birthday of Charles Beebe, born in 1877 he was a biologist known for his deep dives in the bathysphere, he is considered one of the founders of ecology for his observations of deep sea creatures in their natural habitat, and his study of pheasants around the world, he died in 1962 at age 84.
Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat, born in 1910 was a chemist who discovered that the genetic control of viral reproduction in the tobacco mosaic virus was RNA and that it is carried in the nucleic core of the virus. He died in 1999 at age 89.
Jim Marshall, born in 1910 was the founder of Marshall Amplification and is often called the “Father of Loud.” He was an electrical engineer, singer and drummer who built amplifiers so his singing could be heard over his drums. In 1949, he started teaching other drummers including Mitch Mitchell, Micky Burt, Mickey Waller and Mickey Underwood. He died in 2012 at age 88.
Today is the birthday of Earl Tupper, born in 1907, after failing in business he got a job at Dupont Chemical Company. They gave him some pieces of polyethylene slag, Tupper took the inflexible slag, purified it and formed it into bowls and lids. Today it is called Tupperware. He divorced his wife, gave up his U.S. citizenship to avoid taxes, sold the company and bought an island in Costa Rica.
781 Mount Fuji Eruption, the oldest recorded eruption of Mount Fuji, traditional date 7/6/781
1987 Edmonton tornado, 27 dead
1626 An earthquake in Naples, Italy kills about 10,000 people.
1995 Tropical Storm Dean.
2012 A power grid failure in Delhi leaves more than 300 million people without power in northern India.
2014 One hundred and fifty people are trapped after a landslide in the village of Ambe in the Pune district in India’s Maharashtra state with 20 killed.
1957 Heavy rain and a mudslide in Isahaya, Japan kills 992 people.
1976 Tangshan Earthquake, Tangshan, China, some estimates say 242, 739 people killed and the magnitude was between 7.8 and 8.2.