Science Birthdays, July 5

7/5 1780 Francois Carlo Antommarchi, Napoleon’s physician, he died in 1838 at the age of 57.
7/5/1794 Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist, early advocate of dietary reform, remembered for Graham Crackers, he died in 1851 at age 57.
7/5/1805 Robert Fitzroy, British naval officer and meteorologist, captain of the Beagle, made weather forecasting a reality; he died in 1865 at age 59.
7/5/1820 William Rankine engineer
7/5/1867 Andrew Douglass astronomer
7/5/1874 Eugen Fisher, German physician, German professor of eugenics, sent a half a million people to the gas chambers in compulsory sterilization; he died in 1967 at the age of 93.
7/5/1888 Herbert Spencer Gasser biologist, worked with action potentials in nerve fibers, he died in 1963 at age 75.
7/5/1891 John Northrop chemist, Nobel prize for isolation and crystallization of enzymes, viruses and proteins, he died in 1987 at age 95.
7/5/1900 Yoshimaro Yamashina, Japanese ornithologist, he died in 1989 at the age of 88.
7/5/1904 Ernst Mayr, American biologist, biological species concept, he died in 2005 at age 100.
7/5/1946 Gerardus ‘t Hooft. Dutch physicist, Nobel laureate, electroweak interactions, holographic principle.

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