Category Archives: Scientist’s Birthdays

Science Birthdays, August 19

  • Today is the birthday of Lother Meyer, born in 1830, he discovered a periodic table independently of Mendeleev. He published his table a few months after Mendeleev. Meyer had sent Mendeleev a copy of his table earlier, then Mendeleev published an almost identical version.  Meyer also was the first to say that the carbon atoms in benzene were in a ring.
  • John Flamsteed, born in 1646 was an astronomer who catalogued over 3000 stars.
  • Johann Gahn born in 1745 was a chemist and metallurgist who discovered magnesium in 1774.
  • Milton Humason, born in 1891, discovered the comet C/1961 R1

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Science Birthdays, August 18

Today is the birthday of Alfred Wallace, born in 1823, like Darwin he sailed off on a ship for scientific exploration. In 1848 he traveled to the Amazon and wrote a book on his travels, the ship burned and many of his records were lost. He collected over 125 000 specimens on a trip in 1854, he drew a line between continents of Asia and Australia called the Wallace Line where organisms were different on each side. He shared publication with Darwin but he was sick with ague and didn’t accept that man could come from animals.

Today is also the birthday of Walther Bothe, born in 1891, he was a student of Max Planck and studied cosmic rays using coincidence counting.

Johannes Fabricius, born in 1587, discovered sunspots in 1610 independently of Galileo.

 

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Science Birthdays, August 17

Today is the birthday of Walter Noddack, born in 1893, along with Ida Tacke and Otto Berg they discovered element 75, rhenium.  They also reported the discovery of element 43, technetium, which they called masurium. The discovery had been dismissed until recently, it is still being debated.  Walter Noddack went on to marry Ida Tacke.

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Science Birthdays, August 16

Today is the birthday of Frederick Kipping, born in 1863 he coined the term silicone while working on the development of the synthetic rubber and silicone based lubricant industries.  He also co-wrote a textbook on organic chemistry with Perkin. He died at the age of 86

8/16/1832        Wilhelm Wundt,         psychologist father of experimental psychology He also formed the first journal for psychological research in 1881.

8/16/1904        Wendell Stanley,         chemist the book “Chemistry: A Beautiful Thing” His researches on the virus causing the mosaic disease in tobacco plants led to the isolation of a nucleoprotein which displayed tobacco mosaic virus activity.

Jonas Ferdinand Gabriel Lippmann[1] (16 August 1845 – 13 July 1921) was a FrancoLuxembourgish physicist and inventor, and Nobel laureate in physics for his method of reproducing colors photographically based on the phenomenon of interference.

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Science Birthdays, August 15

Today is the birthday of  Louis Victor Pierre Raymond DeBroglie, or Prince Louis DeBroglie, born in 1892, his great great grandfather was guillotined during the French Revolution, Educated at the Sorbonne in history but turned to science after being a radio operator in WW I and searched for a symmetric inverse of the Compton effect where particles had wave properties, got his Noble prize for the duality theory.  He died in 1987 at the age of 94.

Gerty Cori was born on this day in 1896. Along with her husband Carl and Bernardo Houssay, she discovery of the mechanism by which glycogen, a derivative of glucose, is broken down in muscle tissue into lactic acid and then resynthesized in the body and stored as source of energy, this is known as the Cori Cycle. She died in 1957 at age 61.

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Science Birthdays, August 14

Today is the birthday of Hans Oersted, born in 1777, he discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields. The Oersted (Oe), the cgs unit of magnetic H-field strength is named after him. He died in 1851 at age 73

Today is the birthday of Richard Ernst, born in 1933 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1991 for his contributions towards the development of Fourier Transform nuclear resonance spectroscopy.

Arthur Dempster, born in 1886 was best known for his work in mass spectroscopy and his discovery of the uranium isotope U235.

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Science Birthdays, August 13

8/13/1625        Erasmus Bartholin       physician remembered especially for his discovery (1669) of the double refraction of a light ray by Iceland spar, he died in 1698 at age 73.

8/13/1819        Sir George Stokes       physicist made important contributions to fluid dynamics (including the Navier–Stokes equations), he died in 1903 at age 83.

8/13/1814        Anders Angstrom       physicist, born in 1814, one of the founders of the science of Spectrocopy.  His combination of the spectroscope and photography for the study of the solar system resulted in proving that the sun’s atmosphere contains hydrogen, among other elements.  The Angstrom Unit, 10­­-10 is named in his honor.  It shows how feeble our thinking is that we no longer use this unit of measurement, it is just the right unit for describing the size of atoms. He died in 1874 at age 59.

8/13/1844        Johann Miescher         chemist, He isolated various phosphate-rich chemicals, which he called nuclein (now nucleic acids), from the nuclei of white blood cells in 1869, he died in 1895 at age 51.

8/13/1872        Richard Willstatter      chemist German organic chemist whose study of the structure of plant pigments, chlorophyll included, won him the 1915 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Willstätter invented paper chromatography independently of Mikhail Tsvet. He died in 1942 at age 69

8/13/1918        Frederick Sanger         chemist, two-time Nobel laureate in chemistry, the only person to have been so, Nobel prize in chemistry “for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin”. In 1980, Walter Gilbert and Sanger shared half of the chemistry prize “for their contributions concerning the determination of base sequences in nucleic acids”.

 

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