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Science Birthdays, June 26

Today is the birthday of William Thompson, born in 1824, he coined the term “kinetic energy,” did important work in formulation of the first and second law of thermodynamics, he was knighted for his work on the transatlantic telegraph and became Lord Kelvin.

Quote: “When you are face to face with a difficulty, you are up against a discovery.”

6/26/1730        Charles Messier           astronomer, published an astronomical catalog of deep space objects, called 110Messier objects, they are still used today. He also discovered 13 comets, he died in 1817 at the age of 86.

6/26/1914        Spitzer Lyman             astronomer, invented the stellarator and is the namesake of NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope. he was one of the first to recognize that star formation was an ongoing and contemporary process. He died in 1997 at age 82.

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Science Birthdays, June 25

6/25/1560        Wilhelm Fabry, German Surgeon, The Father of German Surgery, his wife Marie Colinet used a magnet to remove metal from a patient’s eye. She also improved methods of Cesarean section childbirth.  He died in 1634 at age 74.

6/25/1814        Gabriel Daubree,          geologist, he died in 1896 at age 82.

6/25/1864        Hermann Walter Nernst,          chemist, in 1897 he invented the Nernst lamp, a precursor to the carbon rod incandescent lamp, established the third law of thermodynamics, which describes matter as temperatures approach absolute zero. He developed a means of determining free energies of chemical reactions from heat measurements and the Nernst equation.  He also developed an electric piano.  he died in 1941 at age 77.

“Knowledge is the death of research” and “one should avoid carrying out any experiment with more than ten percent accuracy”.     

6/25/1894        Hermann Oberth, German physicist, one of the founding fathers of rocketry and astronautics, his thesis on rocketry was first rejected, he made his living as a high school teacher.

6/25/1905        Rupert Wildt,               astronomer, he specialized in the properties of atmospheres. he died in 1976 at age 70.

6/25/1911        William Howard Stein, American chemist, worked on ribonucleas, he also built the first amino acid analyzer to determine protein sequences, Nobel laureate, he died in 1980 at the age of 69.

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Natural Disasters, June 25

I have nothing on this day

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Natural Disasters, June 26

2012    Waldo Canyon Fire, fire descends into the Mountain Shadows neighborhood in Colorado Springs burning 347 homes in a matter of hours and killing two people.

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Dog Tip of The Day, June 26

I once heard that every attempt in history to eradicate cats has been followed by a plague. I believe that. I also believe that keeping animals as pets has shaped our cultural development.

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Dog Tip of The Day, June 25

Keeping animals as pets probably goes back to the earliest humans. We will probably never really know much about it other than information we get from cave drawings and animal bones buried with humans. These early people probably brought wolves and cats into their living space which led to domestication. The question is, would humans have evolved as they did, without them. Some think not, because they don’t find evidence of Neanderthal having dogs or cats, and they became extinct.

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Science Birthdays, June 24

Today is the birthday of Fred Hoyle, born in 1915.  He coined the term “Big Bang” as a joke in his rejection of the theory.  He is most famous for his theory of stellar nucleosynthesis.

Fred Hoyle quote: “space isn’t remote at all, it’s only about an hour away if you drive your car straight up”.

Others born on this day:

6/24/1661        Gregory David,            astronomer

6/24/1795        Ernst Weber,                physiologist, professor of anatomy and physiology, founder of experimental psychology, he died in 1878 at the age of 83.

6/24/1835        Johannes Wislicenus,   chemist, famous for his work in stereochemistry, he discovered that lactic acid had two forms with different physical properties but identical structure.     He died in 1902 at age 67.

6/24/1852        Friedrich Loffler,         biologist, he discovered the organism Corynebacteria diptheriae, that causes diphtheria, and the cause of foot and mouth disease ( a viral disease). He died in 1915 at age 63.

6/24/1883        Victor Hess,                 physicist, discovered cosmic rays. He died in 1964 at age 81.

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